Fang, Jingyun, Zhiheng Wang & Zhiyao Tang.Atlas of Woody Plants in China: Distribution and Climate. Springer & Higher Education Press, Berlin & Beijing, 2011, 1-1999. (This book won the Chinese Government Award for Publishing in 2011)
Peer reviewed articles in English
Wang Z.*, Schmid B., Fang J.Tropical niche conservatism and large-scale tree diversity patterns. Journal of Biogeography, 2017, (in revision)
Miraldo A., Li S., Borregaard M.K., Flórez-Rodríguez A., Gopalakrishnan S., Rizvanovic M., Wang Z., Rahbek C., Marske K.A. & Nogués-Bravo D.An Anthropocene map of genetic diversity. Science, 2016, 353, 1532-1535. [Source]Abstract
The Anthropocene is witnessing a loss of biodiversity, with well-documented declines in the diversity of ecosystems and species. For intraspecific genetic diversity, however, we lack even basic knowledge on its global distribution. We georeferenced 92,801 mitochondrial sequences for >4500 species of terrestrial mammals and amphibians, and found that genetic diversity is 27% higher in the tropics than in nontropical regions. Overall, habitats that are more affected by humans hold less genetic diversity than wilder regions, although results for mammals are sensitive to choice of genetic locus. Our study associates geographic coordinates with publicly available genetic sequences at a massive scale, yielding an opportunity to investigate both the drivers of this component of biodiversity and the genetic consequences of the anthropogenic modification of nature.
Li Y., Wang Z.*, Xu X., Han W., Wang Q. & Zou D.Leaf margin analysis of Chinese woody plants and the constraints on its application to palaeoclimatic reconstruction. Global Ecol. Biogeogr., 2016, DOI:10.1111/geb.12498. Abstract
Aim: Leaf margin states have been found to be strongly related to temperature, and hence have been used to reconstruct palaeotemperatures. Here, we aimed to explore the uncertainties and conditions of use of this technique in China by testing the influences of plant life-form, precipitation and evolutionary history on the relationship between percentage of untoothed species and temperature.
Methods:Using distribution maps and leaf margin states (untoothed versus toothed) of 10,480 Chinese woody dicots and dated family-level phylogenies, we evaluated the phylogenetic signal of leaf margin state, and demonstrated the variation in the patterns of leaf margin percentage and the relationship with temperature across different life-forms (evergreen and deciduous; trees, shrubs and lianas), regions with different precipitation and species quartiles with different family ages.
Significant phylogenetic signals were found for the percentage of untoothed species within families. Relationships between leaf margin percentage and temperature were: (1) weak or insignificant for all woody dicots, shrubs, evergreen and deciduous dicots, but strong for trees and lianas; (2) significantly enhanced with increasing precipitation, and (3) significantly weakened for trees belonging to old families.
Our results showed the complete leaf margin spectrum found in China and revealed great uncertainties in its relationship with temperature induced by life-form, precipitation and evolutionary history. These findings suggest that analysis of leaf margins for palaeotemperature reconstruction should be done cautiously: (1) only dicot trees with a relatively young family age can be used and their leaf margin states are more strongly affected by winter cold than by mean annual temperature; (2) the transfer function between leaf margin percentage and temperature is only reliable in humid and semi-humid regions of China.
Wang Q., Punchi-Manage R., Lu Z., Franklin S.B., Wang Z., Li Y., Chi X., Bao D., Guo Y., Lu J., Xu Y., Qiao X. & Jiang M.Effects of topography on structuring species assemblages in a subtropical forest. J Plant Ecol., 2016,
Sonne J., Martín González A.M., Maruyama P.K., Sandel B., Vizentin-Bugoni J., Schleuning M., Abrahamczyk S., Alarcón R., Araujo A.C., Araújo F.P., Mendes de Azevedo S., Baquero A.C., Cotton P.A., Ingversen T.T., Kohler G., Lara C., Guedes Las-Casas F.M., Machado A.O., Machado C.G., Maglianesi M.A., Moura A.C., Nogués-Bravo D., Oliveira G.M., Oliveira P.E., Ornelas J.F., Rodrigues L.d.C., Rosero-Lasprilla L., Rui A.M., Sazima M., Timmermann A., Varassin I.G., Wang Z., Watts S., Fjeldså J., Svenning J.-C., Rahbek C. & Dalsgaard B.High proportion of smaller ranged hummingbird species coincides with ecological specialization across the Americas. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 2016, 283(1824): [Source]Abstract
Ecological communities that experience stable climate conditions have been speculated to preserve more specialized interspecific associations and have higher proportions of smaller ranged species (SRS). Thus, areas with disproportionally large numbers of SRS are expected to coincide geographically with a high degree of community-level ecological specialization, but this suggestion remains poorly supported with empirical evidence. Here, we analysed data for hummingbird resource specialization, range size, contemporary climate, and Late Quaternary climate stability for 46 hummingbird–plant mutualistic networks distributed across the Americas, representing 130 hummingbird species (ca 40% of all hummingbird species). We demonstrate a positive relationship between the proportion of SRS of hummingbirds and community-level specialization, i.e. the division of the floral niche among coexisting hummingbird species. This relationship remained strong even when accounting for climate, furthermore, the effect of SRS on specialization was far stronger than the effect of specialization on SRS, suggesting that climate largely influences specialization through species' range-size dynamics. Irrespective of the exact mechanism involved, our results indicate that communities consisting of higher proportions of SRS may be vulnerable to disturbance not only because of their small geographical ranges, but also because of their high degree of specialization.
Tao S., Guo Q., Li C., Wang Z. & Fang J.Global patterns and determinants of forest canopy height. Ecology, 2016, 97(12): 3265–3270. Abstract
Forest canopy height is an important indicator of forest biomass, species diversity, and other ecosystem functions; however, the climatic determinants that underlie its global patterns have not been fully explored. Using satellite LiDAR-derived forest canopy heights and field measurements of the world's giant trees, combined with climate indices, we evaluated the global patterns and determinants of forest canopy height. The mean canopy height was highest in tropical regions, but tall forests (>50 m) occur at various latitudes. Water availability, quantified by the difference between annual precipitation and annual potential evapotranspiration (P−PET), was the best predictor of global forest canopy height, which supports the hydraulic limitation hypothesis. However, in striking contrast with previous studies, the canopy height exhibited a hump-shaped curve along a gradient of P−PET: it initially increased, then peaked at approximately 680 mm of P−PET, and finally declined, which suggests that excessive water supply negatively affects the canopy height. This trend held true across continents and forest types, and it was also validated using forest inventory data from China and the United States. Our findings provide new insights into the climatic controls of the world's giant trees and have important implications for forest management and improvement of forest growth models.
Shrestha N., Shrestha S., Koju L., Shrestha K.K. & Wang Z.Medicinal plant diversity and traditional healing practices in eastern Nepal. J. Ethnopharmacol., 2016, 192, 292-301. Abstract
The rich floral and ethnic composition of eastern Nepal and the widespread utilization of locally available medicinal plants offer remarkable opportunity for ethnomedicinal research. The present paper aims to explore medicinal plant diversity and use in the remote villages of eastern Nepal. It also aims to evaluate ethnopharmacological significance of the documented use reports and identify species of high indigenous priority.
Materials and methods
The study was undertaken in four villages located in the Sankhuwasabha district in eastern Nepal. Ethnomedicinal information was collected through structured interviews. The homogeneity of informant's knowledge and the relative importance of documented medicinal plants were validated by informant consensus factor and use value, respectively. Species preference for treatment of particular diseases was evaluated through fidelity level.
We reported medicinal properties of 48 species belonging to 33 families and 40 genera, for the treatment of 37 human ailments. The uses of 10 medicinal plants were previously undocumented. The informant consensus factor (FIC) ranged between 0.38 and 1 with about 50% of values greater than 0.80 and over 75% of values greater than 0.70, indicating moderate to high consensus among the informants on the use of medicinal plants in the region. Swertia chirayita was the most preferred species with significantly high use values, followed by Paris polyphylla and Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora.
The remote villages in eastern Nepal possess rich floral and cultural diversity with strong consensus among informants on utilization of plants for local healthcare. The direct pharmacological evidence for medicinal properties of most species indicates high reliability of documented information. Careful and systematic screening of compounds isolated from these plants could possibly provide good opportunity for the discovery of novel medicines to treat life-threatening human diseases. We recommend prioritization of medicinal plants and reinforcement of existing cultivation practices for sustainable management of high-priority species.
Song G., Zhang R., Qu Y., Wang Z., Dong L., Kristin A., Alström P., Ericson P.G.P., Lambert D.M., Fjeldså J. & Lei F.A zoogeographical boundary between the Palaearctic and Sino-Japanese realms documented by consistent north/south phylogeographical divergences in three woodland birds in eastern China. Journal of Biogeography, 2016, 43(11): [Source]Abstract
Aim: The location of zoogeographical boundaries in eastern China has long been the subject of debate. To identify any north/south genetic divergence between the Palaearctic and Sino-Japanese realms proposed by previous studies, we conducted a comparative phylogeographical study involving three passerine species with wide latitudinal distributions in eastern China. Location: Eastern China. Methods: Two mitochondrial genes and three nuclear introns were amplified and sequenced. Population structures were analysed using intra-specific phylogeny, tcs networks, AMOVA and structure inferences. We tested for evidence of genetic barriers based on pairwise differences. Lineage divergences, demographic dynamics and gene flow between lineages were estimated using Bayesian methods. Results: A congruent north/south phylogeographical divergence was identified for three species. A geographical barrier was inferred at c. 40° N in eastern China. The population sizes of the northern and southern lineages have both been stable through the late Pleistocene, while multiple divergences were inferred during the early and middle Pleistocene. Main conclusions: Our results suggest a general phylogeographical break in north-eastern China, coinciding with the Palaearctic/Sino-Japanese boundary. Physical blocking of the Yan Mountains and fragmentation of suitable habitat during glacial stages between the north and south probably acted together to provide long-lasting barrier effects. Our comparative phylogeographical approach demonstrates that the Palaearctic/Sino-Japanese boundary may represent a gene-flow barrier even within widespread species.
A zoogeographical boundary between the Palaearctic and Sino-Japanese realms documented by consistent north/south phylogeographical divergences in three woodland birds in eastern China .
Xu X., Wang Z.*, Rahbek C., Sanders N. & Fang J.Geographical variation in the importance of water and energy for oak diversity. Journal of Biogeography, 2016, 43, 279-288.
González A.M.M.*, Dalsgaard B., Nogués-Bravo D., Graham C.H., Schleuning M., Maruyama P.K., Abrahamczyk S., Alarcón R., Araujo A.C., Araújo F.P., Jr S.M.d.A., Baquero A.C., Cotton P.A., Ingversen T.T., Kohler G., Lara C., Las-Casas F.M.G., Machado A.O., Machado C.G., Maglianesi M.A., McGuire J.A., Moura A.C., Oliveira G.M., Oliveira P.E., Ornelas J.F., Rodrigues L.d.C., Rosero-Lasprilla L., Rui A.M., Sazima M., Timmermann A., Varasin I.G., Vizentin-Bugoni J., Wang Z., Watts S., Rahbek C. & Martinez N.D.The macroecology of phylogenetically structured hummingbird-plant networks. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2015, (in press)
Tao S., Fang J.*, Zhao X., Zhao S., Shen H., Hu H., Tang Z., Wang Z. & Guo Q.Rapid loss of lakes on the Mongolian Plateau. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2015, DOI:10.1073/pnas.1411748112.
Xu X., Dimitrov D., Rahbek C. & Wang Z.*NCBIminer: Sequences harvest from Genbank. Ecography, 2015, 38, 426-430.
Dalsgaard B.*, Carstensen D.W., Fjeldså J., Maruyama P.K., Rahbek C., Sandel B., Sonne J., Svenning J.-C., Wang Z. & Sutherland W.J.Determinants of bird species richness, endemism, and island network roles in Wallacea and the West Indies: is geography sufficient or does current and historical climate matter?. Ecology and Evolution, 2014, 4, 4019-4031.
Kennedy J.D.*, Wang Z., Weir J.T., Rahbek C., Fjeldså J. & Price T.D.Into and out of the tropics: the generation of the latitudinal gradient among New World passerine birds. Journal of Biogeogr, 2014, 41, 1746–1757.
Feng X.*, Vonk J.E., van Dongen B.E., Gustafsson Ö., Semiletov I.P., Dudarev O.V., Wang Z., Montluçon D.B., Wacker L. & Eglinton T.I.Differential mobilization of terrestrial carbon pools in Eurasian Arctic river basins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2013, 110, 14168-1417.
Li L.‡*, Wang Z.‡, Zerbe S., Abdusalih N., Tang Z., Ma M., Yin L., Mohammat A., Han W. & Fang J.Concordances among species richness of vascular plants, mammals and birds in arid northwest China. PloS One, 2013, 8, e66450. (‡co-first author)
Kang J., Zhang H., Sun T., Shi Y., Wang J., Zhang B., Wang Z., Zhou Y. & Gu H.*Natural variation of C-repeat-binding factor (CBFs) genes is a major cause of divergence in freezing tolerance among a group of Arabidopsis thaliana populations along the Yangtze River in China. New Phytologist, 2013, 199, 1069-1080.
Xu X., Wang Z.*, Rahbek C., Lessard J.-P., Fang J.*Evolutionary history influences the effects of water-energy dynamics on oak diversity in Asia. Journal of Biogeography, 2013, 40, 2146–2155.
Dalsgaard B*., Trøjelsgaard K., González A.M., Nogués-Bravo D., Ollerton J., Petanidou T., Sandel B., Schleuning M., Wang Z., Rahbek C., Sutherland W.J., Svenning J.-C. and Olesen J.M.Historical climate-change influences modularity and nestedness of pollination networks. Ecography, 2013, 36, 1331-1340.
Holt B.G.*, Lessard J.-P., Borregaard M.K., Fritz S.A., Araújo M.B., Dimitrov D., Fabre P.-H., Graham C.H., Graves G.R., Jønsson K.A., Nogués-Bravo D., Wang Z., Whittaker R.J., Fjeldså J. & Rahbek C.Response to Comment on “An Update of Wallace’s Zoogeographic Regions of the World”. Science, 2013, 341, 343.
Holt B.G.*, Lessard J.-P., Borregaard M.K., Fritz S.A., Araújo M.B., Dimitrov D., Fabre P.-H., Graham C.H., Graves G.R., Jønsson K.A., Nogués-Bravo D., Wang Z., Whittaker R.J., Fjeldså J. & Rahbek C.A global map of Wallacean biogeographic regions. Science, 2013, 339, 74-78.
Fang J.*, Shen Z., Tang Z., Wang X., Wang Z., Feng J., Liu Y., Qiao X., Wu X. & Zheng C.Forest community survey and the structural characteristics of forests in China. Ecography, 2012, 35, 1059-1071.
Tang Z.*, Fang J., Chi X., Feng J., Liu Y., Shen Z., Wang X., Wang Z., Wu X., Zheng C. & Gaston K.J.Patterns of plant beta-diversity along elevational and latitudinal gradients in mountain forests of China. Ecography, 2012, 35, 1083-1091.
Wang Z.*, Rahbek C., Fang J.Effects of geographical extent on the determinants of woody plant diversity. Ecography, 2012, 35, 1160–1167.
Wang Z.*, Fang J., Tang Z. & Shi L.Geographical patterns in the beta diversity of China's woody plants: The influence of space, environment, and range size. Ecography, 2012, 35, 1092–1102.
Fei S.*, Liang L., Paillet F.L., Steiner K.C., Fang J., Shen Z., Wang Z. & Hebard F.V.Modelling chestnut biogeography for american chestnut restoration. Diversity and Distributions, 2012, 18, 754-768.
Wang Z.*, Fang J., Tang Z. & Lin X.Relative role of contemporary environment versus history in shaping diversity patterns of China's woody plants. Ecography, 2012, 35, 1124–1133.
Fang J.*, Wang Z., Tang Z. & Brown J.H.Large-scale patterns of tree species richness and the metabolic theory of ecology. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2012, 21, 508-512.
Geng Y., Wang Z., Liang C., Fang J., Baumann F., Kühn P., Scholten T. & He J.-S*.Effect of geographical range size on plant functional traits and the relationships between plant, soil and climate in Chinese grasslands. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2012, 21, 416 - 427.
Han W.X., Fang J.*, Reich P.B., Woodward I.F. & Wang Z.Biogeography and variability of eleven mineral elements in plant leaves across gradients of climate, soil and plant functional type in China. Ecology Letters, 2011, 14, 788-796.
Wang Z.*, Fang J., Tang Z. & Lin X.Patterns, determinants and models of woody plant diversity in China. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2011, 278, 2122-2132.
Wang S., Wang Z., Piao S. & Fang J.Regional differences in the timing of recent air warming during the past four decades in China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2010, 55, 1968-1973.
Ma W., Liu Z., Wang Z., Wang W., Liang C., Tang Y., He J.-S. & Fang J.Climate change alters interannual variation of grassland aboveground productivity: evidence from a 22-year measurement series in the Inner Mongolian grassland. Journal of Plant Research, 2010, 123, 509-517.
Schuldt A., Wang Z., Zhou H. & Assmann T.Integrating highly diverse invertebrates into broad-scale analyses of cross-taxon congruence across the Palaearctic. Ecography, 2009, 32, 1019-1030.
Wang Z., Brown J.H., Tang Z. & Fang J.Temperature dependence, spatial scale, and tree species diversity in eastern Asia and North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2009, 106, 13388-1339.
Wang Z., Tang Z. & Fang J.Altitudinal patterns of seed plant richness in the Gaoligong Mountains, south-east Tibet, China. Diversity and Distributions, 2007, 13, 845-854.
Fang J., Wang Z., Zhao S., Li Y., Tang Z., Yu D., Ni L., Liu H., Xie P., Da L., Li Z. & Zheng C.Biodiversity changes in the lakes of the Central Yangtze. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2006, 4, 369-377.
Tang Z., Wang Z., Zheng C. & Fang J.Biodiversity in China's mountains. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2006, 4, 347-352.
He J.-S., Wang Z., Wang X., Schmid B., Zuo W., Zhou M., Zheng C., Wang M. & Fang J.A test of the generality of leaf trait relationships on the Tibetan Plateau. New Phytologist, 2006, 170, 835-848.
He J.-S., Fang J., Wang Z., Guo D., Flynn D.F.B. & Geng Z.Stoichiometry and large-scale patterns of leaf carbon and nitrogen in the grassland biomes of China. Oecologia, 2006, 149, 115-122.
Fang J., Oikawa T., Kato T., Mo W. & Wang Z.Biomass carbon accumulation by Japan's forests from 1947 to 1995. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2005, 19, GB2004.
Peer reviewed articles in Chinese with English abstracts
Xu X., Wang Z.*, Dimitrov D., Rahbek C.Use NCBIminer to search and download nucleotide sequences from GenBank. Biodiversity Sciences, 2015, 38(4): 426–430. Abstract
NCBIminer is freely available, cross-platform and user-friendly software for mining nucleotide sequence data from GenBank. It has several features that enable users to accurately and efficiently download sequences with specific attributes from the GenBank database: 1) it uses a novel search strategy, and can download sequences for distantly related taxonomic groups with high accuracy; 2) it deals with genes, CDS, rRNA, and other GenBank-defined feature types; 3) it can filter sequences by length and similarities with the reference sequence using user-defined parameters; 4) it can download information on DNA sample collections, e.g. voucher specimen, country, latitude and longitude, and collector; 5) it takes advantage of parallelization for a high efficiency workflow. We demonstrate the use and performance of NCBIminer by downloading sequences for the plant family Campanulaceaes. Compared to other methods, NCBIminer harvests more and longer sequences, and is less sensitive to query sequences.
Li L.-P., Nurbay A., Wang S.-P., Wang Z., Tang Z.Y.Distribution Patterns and Climatic Explanations of Species Richness of Vascular Plants in Xinjiang, China.. Arid Zone Research, 2011, 28, 25-30.
Wang Z., Tang Z.Y., Fang J.Y.The species–energy hypothesis as a mechanism for species richness patterns. Biodiversity Science, 2009, 17, 613-624.
Wang Z., Tang Z.Y., Fang J.Y.Metabolic Theory of Ecology: an explanation for species richness patterns based on the metabolic processes of organisms. Biodiversity Science, 2009, 17, 625-634.
Lin X., Wang Z., Tang Z.Y., Zhao S.Q., Fang J.Y.Patterns and environmental correlates of terrestrial mammal species richness in China. Biodiversity Science, 2009, 17, 652-663.
Tang Z.Y., Wang Z., Fang J.Y.Historical hypothesis in explaining the spatial patterns of species richness. Biodiversity Science, 2009, 17, 635-643.
Fang J.Y., Wang X.P., Shen Z.H., Tang Z.Y., He J.S., Yu D., Jiang Y., Wang Z., Zhu J.L., Guo Z.D.Methods and protocols for plant community inventory. Biodiversity Science, 2009, 17, 533-548.
Li Y., Wang Z. and Fang J.Effects of range-size frequency distribution on mid-domain models. Science in China (Series C), 2008, 38, 495-590.
Hu H.F., Wang Z., Liu G.H. and Fu B.J.Vegetation carbon storage of major shrublands in China. Journal of Plant Ecology, 2006, 30(4): 539-544.
Ma W.H., Han M., Lin X., Ren Y.L., Wang Z., Fang J.Y.Carbon storage in vegetation of grasslands in Inner Mongolia. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 2006, 20, 192-195.
Wang Z., Chen A.P., Fang J.Y.Richness of Seed Plants in Relation with Topography in Hunan Province, China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2004, 59, 889-894.
Wu X.P., Wang Z., Cui H.T., Fang J.Y.Community structures and species composition of oak forests in mountainous area of Beijing. Biodiversity Science, 2004, 12, 155-163.
Wang X.P., Wang Z., Fang J.Y.Mountain ranges and peaks in China. Biodiversity Science, 2004, 12, 206-212.
Fang J.Y., Shen Z.H., Tang Z.Y., Wang Z.The Protocol for the Survey Plan for Plant Species Diversity of China’s Mountains. Biodiversity Science, 2004, 12, 5-9.
Yang Y.H., Rao S., Hu H.F., Chen A.P., Ji C.J., Zhu B., Zuo W.Y., Li X.R., Shen H.H., Wang Z., Tang Y.H., Fang J.Y.Plant species richness of alpine grasslands in relation to environmental factors and biomass on the Tibetan Plateau. Biodiversity Science, 2004, 12, 200-205.